Tell the World Their Story What happened in the world of popular culture between 1970 and 1994?

The Rubik'sCube

By: Antoine H.
The Rubik's Cube became one of the most popular toys of the Twentieth Century and an icon of the 1980s. It was first created in 1974 by Eron Rubik, and was released in 1980. The objective of the Rubik’sCube was to create a solid color on each side. The Rubik’sCube instantaneously became an international sensation.

A Rubik's Cube has six sides, with each side having different colors ( blue, green, orange, red, white, and yellow). Each side of a Rubik's Cube consists of nine squares organized in a three-by-three grid pattern. Of the 54 squares on the cube, 48 of them move (the centers on each side were stationary).

By 1982, more than 100 million Rubik's Cubes had been sold, and most had yet to be solved.To date, more than 300 million Rubik's Cubes have been sold, making it one of the most popular toys of our time. After the first Rubik’sCube became famous, Ideal Toys made different version of Rubik’sCubes games, but they never became as famous as the original Rubik’s Cube.

The Rubik’sCube was first called the Magic Cube and it first showed up in stores in Budapest, Hungary. When Rubik’sCube was popular everyone had to have one. (I bet that teachers still have Rubik’sCubes from the 80’s when they took it way from kids not doing their work.)
Source: http://history1900s.about.com/



Sesame Street-

By: Tyree and Paulino
Sesame Street was an educational show for children conceived in 1966 and first aired on November 10th 1969. The letters W, S, and E and the numbers 2, and 3 sponsored the first episode. It is now viewed in 120 countries and there are 20 different international versions. It had its 40th anniversary in 2009.


The first main characters in the show were Big Bird, Kermit, Bert and Ernie, Oscar, Grover, and Cookie Monster. Snufflepagus joined in 1971, The Count in 1972, and Elmo in 1980. Zoe arrived in 1993, and the last muppet to join was Abby Cadabby in 2006.

While making Sesame Street, the creators had to think if they wanted it to appeal to smaller children. While making Sesame Street the creators thought about making each segment short in order to get children to sit down and pay attention.

In 1979 about nine million children around the age of six sat down to see the shows tenth anniversary. Several studies show how this show is so effective for small children.


John Lennon Assassinated

By: Ethan S. and Mateo S.
Mark David Chapman born May 10, 1955 in Fort Worth, Texas. Mark was charged with second degree murder of John Lennon.

Mark was diagnosed with a rare but serious form of autism. Mark’s Father (David Curtis Chapman) was a staff sergeant in the United States Air Force, and his Mother (Katheryn Elizabeth Pease) was a nurse. Marks younger sister (Susan) was born seven years later.


Mark lived in fear of his father as a child, who was physically abusive towards his wife and son. He also fantasized about having god-like powers over a group of imaginary little people. Mark attended a Columbia High School in Decatur, Georgia. By the time he was 14, Mark started doing drugs, sometimes skipping classes, and once ran away from home and lived on the streets for 2 weeks. Mark reported that he was bullied because he was not good at sports.

Mark’s favorite band was The Beatles. Mark took marijuana, LCD, heroin, mescaline, and barbiturates.

In 1978, Mark went on a six-week trip around the world, inspired by the movie Around the World in Eighty Days, and Mark visited places such as Tokyo, Seoul, Hong Kong, Singapore, Bangkok, Delhi, Israel, Geneva, London, Paris, and Dublin. He began a relationship with his travel agent, a Japanese-American woman named Gloria Abe. They married on June 2, 1979. Looking for more money, Mark got a job at Castle Memorial Hospital as a printer, working alone instead of with staff and patients. Mark then got into an argument with Gloria’s boss at the travel agency and made her quit and find another job. Mark was then fired by the Castle Memorial Hospital, then rehired, then got into a argument with a nurse and quit. He took a job as a security guard and began drinking a lot. Mark developed an obsession with artwork, The Catcher in the Rye, music, John Lennon and started hearing voices. In September 1980, Mark wrote a letter to a friend ( Lynda Irish) saying “ I’m going nut’s” and singed it “ The Catcher in the Rye.
220px-JohnLennonpeace.jpg

MTV Airs

By: Jackie and Ashlie
MTV is the oldest American cable network specializing in music. MTV was launched on August 1st 1981. MTV was introduced by these words, “Ladies and gentle men rock and roll!” The first video on MTV was “Video Killed The Radio Star” by The Buggles.

MTV made a major impact on the music industry. MTV changed the way people looked at music, videos, and stars.MTV presented one video one after another, in a continuous flow. Now MTV not only does music but reality shows and other shows including “Rob Dyrdek’s fantacy factory” and “Jersey Shore”.

The MTV network now includes:. VH1, Viacom, CMT, Tr3s, MTV2, MTV Hits, MTV Jams, MTVU, MTV HD, and MTV Desi, MTV Chi, and Palladia.

Punk Rock

By: Aaron D. and Phill K.
Punk Rock is a rock music genre that developed in the mid 1970s in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Australia. Punk rock started as garage music and other forms, such as proto-punk music. In the mid-to-late 1960s bands like the Stooges and the MC5 made music that were raw, crude, and anti-political. By the mid 1970s, bands such as the Ramones, Sex Pistols, and The Clash were recognized as the vanguard of new musical movement. By the beginning of the 1980s, faster, more aggressive style such as hardcore and Oi!, Oi! is a working class sub genre of punk rock.

Evolution of Punk
1960: Formation of The Sonics in Tacoma, Washington.
1962: Question Mark & the Mysterians record their song “96 Tears”, a garage rock classic which reaches #1 on the Billboard Hot 100. It sells over one million copies.
1967: The Stooges are active from 1967 to 1974, and later reformed in 2003.
1970: The MC5 first formed in Lincoln Park, Michigan. They are most known as forerunners of punk rock.
1973: Television formed in New York City in 1973. Even though they did not have more then a cult audience in the USA, they have achieved significant commercial success in Europe.

1974: The Ramones were first formed in Forest Hills, Queens, New York in 1974.
1975: The Sex Pistols, formed in London as a English band in 1975.
1976: The Clash, is formed as an English punk rock band in 1976. They were part of the original wave of British punk.
1979: Bad Religion is an American punk rock band founded in 1979.
1984: The Offspring, an American punk rock band , is founded in Huntington Beach, California.
1987: Green Day is formed.
Sources:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Punk_rock
http://punkmusic.about.com/od/punk101/a/punkhistory2.htm


Disco

By: CJ Smith


Disco was genre of dance music. It was at its highest in popularity in 1970. It started in Philadelphia, and then it became a popular club culture. You would go to the club usually wearing heavily sequined outfits, and you would dance under thousands of multi colored lights. As disco music’s popularity grew, many artists either from the soul, pop, rock, and blues started to record disco music hits. These are some of their rocking hits!

· The Bee Gees- “Jive Talkin,” “You Should be Dancin,” and “Stayin’ Alive.”
· Donna Summers- “Bad Girls,” “Last Dance,” and “MacArthur Park.”
· Amii Stewart- “Knock on Wood”
· Gloria Gaynor- “I Will Survive”
· Earth, Wind and Fire- “September”
· KC and the Sunshine Band- “That’s the Way (I Like It),” and “(Shake Shake
Shake) Shake Your Booty”
· Thelma Houston- “Don’t Leave Me This Way”



Sources:
www.Wikipedia.com




Elvis Dies



Popular Television Shows

By: Steven N. and Dylan G.
  • The Cosby Show- The Cosby Show first aired on September 20, 1984. The Cosby Show was a sitcom about Bill Cosby and his family. Many people criticized this show for “ not presenting a realistic image of an African American family.”
  • The Simpsons- The still popular ‘Simpson’ was first aired on April 19, 1987. It is the longest running animated sitcom. It is about a family living in Springfield. The father, Homer, works in the plant: Marge is a stay at home mother: Bart is a troublemaking 10-year-old: Lisa is an intelligent, eight-year-old: and Maggie is a baby and doesn’t do much besides be there and suck on a pacifier.
  • Star Trek- Also a popular show for its time. This show was about a crew of people and not humans going through out the galaxy to discover stuff.
  • Magnum P.I.- Magnum P.I was an American television series staring Tom Selleck that ran from 1980 to 1988. Magnum had with 23 million viewers in its prime.
  • MacGyver- MacGyver was an action-adventure series that aired from 1985 to 1992.
  • Murder, She Wrote- Murder- She Wrote was a television mystery series that aired from 1984 to 1996.
  • Miami Vice- Miami Vice was a Crime Drama that was aired from 1984 to 1989. This show was known for using music and visual effects to tell a story.
  • The A-Team- The A-Team was an action adventure about ex-Army Special Forces who were considered war criminals for crimes they did not commit. This series aired from 1983 to 1986.
  • Cheers- Cheers is a situation comedy that aired from 1882 to 1893. Named from the ‘toast’ cheers, which fits the usual setting of friends sitting around, drinking and relaxing.
  • Three’s Company- Three’s Company is a sitcom that aired from 1977 to 1984. It was about two (later becoming five) roommates who all share apartment 201.
  • Mork and Mindy- Mork and Mindy are a science fiction sitcom that aired from 1978 to 1982. Mork was an alien and Mindy was a girl who befriended, and eventually married Mork.
Sources:
http://www.buzzle.com/articles/best-tv-shows.html



The Video Game Revolution

By Dustin E.
Some games that were around in 1970’s and 1980’s were Asteroids, Pacman Space invaders, Frogger, Donkey Kong, Moon Patrol, Tetris, Duck Hunt, Pong, Star Castle, and Simon Says, Adventure/Zork, Breakout Tailgunner, Lunar Lander, Mastermind, and Wumpus.



Break/street Dancing

By: Marilene and Nellie
Break Dancing, or “breaking in the streets,” is a dance that incorporates body movements, coordination, style, and aesthetics. Break Dancing is believed to originated from the Bronx, New York in the 1970’s. The term “Breaking in the Streets,” or street dancing, comes from the fact that the dances were made in the streets.

There aren’t any rules to street dancing. Street dancing is basically freely expressing music with one’s body, and is performed outside a dance studio in any available space. It is not choreographed and is a very social dance, encouraging interaction with people watching and the other dancers.
The people who performed this style of dance are known as B-boys or B-girls. B-boying is a popular style of street dancing, which consists of four primary elements that including toprock, downrock, power moves and freezes/suicides a kind of dance. B-Girling is a type of dance when girls merge with the boys and show the dance moves that they have.

Break dancing could be seen everywhere in the 1980’s. Advertisers started to use break dancing in commercials, and clothing lines were established, video games made, and guidebooks written. A shoe company was designing a shoe specifically for break dancing! It is more Hip-Hop now. Spin-offs of breaking include, but are not limited to, popping, locking, funk, house, freestyle, krumping, and street dancing.